Basic Information About Turkmenistan

  • Country Full Name: Turkmenistan
  • Continent: Asia
  • Official Language: Turkmen
  • Currency: Turkmenistan Manat (TMT)
  • Capital: Ashgabat
  • Main Dish: Plov (rice with meat and vegetables)
  • Famous For: Karakum Desert, ancient Silk Road cities, and unique architecture.
  • Size: 491,210 square kilometers
  • Population: Approximately 6 million
  • Name Meaning: The name “Turkmenistan” means “Land of the Turkmen.”

10 Interesting Facts About Turkmenistan

1. White Marble Capital

Ashgabat, the capital of Turkmenistan, is known for its lavish use of white marble. The city holds the Guinness World Record for having the highest concentration of white marble buildings in the world, giving it a distinctive and striking appearance.

2. Darvaza Gas Crater

The Darvaza Gas Crater, also known as the “Door to Hell,” is a natural gas field that collapsed into a cavern near Darvaza. It has been burning continuously since it was set on fire in 1971 to prevent the spread of methane gas, creating a surreal and fiery landscape.

3. Ancient Silk Road Heritage

Turkmenistan has a rich history as part of the ancient Silk Road. The historic city of Merv, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, was one of the most important trade centers on this route, known for its extensive ruins and historical significance.

4. Karakum Desert

The Karakum Desert covers much of Turkmenistan and is one of the largest deserts in Central Asia. The desert’s harsh and arid landscape is home to unique flora and fauna adapted to the extreme environment.

5. Turkmen Carpet Weaving

Turkmenistan is renowned for its traditional carpet weaving. Turkmen carpets, known for their intricate patterns and vibrant colors, are an integral part of the country’s cultural heritage and are highly prized worldwide.

6. Akhal-Teke Horses

Turkmenistan is famous for the Akhal-Teke horse breed, known for its speed, endurance, and distinctive metallic sheen. These horses are considered a national symbol and are deeply embedded in Turkmen culture and history.

7. Neutrality

Turkmenistan is one of the few countries in the world that is officially neutral. In 1995, the United Nations recognized Turkmenistan’s status of permanent neutrality, which shapes its foreign policy and international relations.

8. Traditional Clothing

Traditional Turkmen clothing is colorful and elaborate, often featuring beautiful embroidery and patterns. Men typically wear long coats called “don” and women wear dresses with intricate designs, complemented by silver jewelry.

9. Independence Monument

The Monument of Independence in Ashgabat is a prominent landmark symbolizing Turkmenistan’s independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. The monument is surrounded by statues of Turkmen heroes and important figures from the country’s history.

10. Rich Natural Resources

Turkmenistan has significant natural resources, particularly in natural gas. The country has the fourth-largest reserves of natural gas in the world, which plays a crucial role in its economy and energy sector.

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