Basic Information About Sri Lanka

  • Country Full Name: Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
  • Continent: Asia
  • Official Languages: Sinhala, Tamil
  • Currency: Sri Lankan Rupee (LKR)
  • Capital: Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte (legislative), Colombo (commercial)
  • Main Dish: Rice and curry
  • Famous For: Rich cultural heritage, stunning landscapes, tea production, and ancient temples.
  • Size: 65,610 square kilometers
  • Population: Approximately 21 million
  • Name Meaning: The name “Sri Lanka” means “resplendent island” in Sanskrit.

10 Interesting Facts About Sri Lanka

1. Ancient History

Sri Lanka has a recorded history that dates back over 2,500 years. The island was known in ancient times as Lanka, Taprobane, Serendib, and Ceylon. The ancient cities of Anuradhapura and Polonnaruwa are UNESCO World Heritage Sites with well-preserved ruins.

Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka's third and the longest-serving capital and one of  the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world is also one of the  most sacred cities of World Buddhists. This is
Thuparamaya Temple Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka

2. Diverse Landscapes

Sri Lanka boasts a variety of landscapes, from pristine beaches and coastal plains to lush tea plantations and mountainous regions. The central highlands are particularly famous for their scenic beauty and cooler climate.

3. Rich Biodiversity

The island is a biodiversity hotspot, home to a wide range of flora and fauna. National parks like Yala and Udawalawe offer opportunities to see elephants, leopards, and numerous bird species in their natural habitats.

4. Tea Production

Sri Lanka, formerly known as Ceylon, is one of the world’s leading producers of tea. The country’s highlands, particularly around Nuwara Eliya and Kandy, are covered with tea plantations that produce high-quality Ceylon tea.

5. Cultural Festivals

Sri Lanka celebrates numerous cultural and religious festivals, such as Vesak, which commemorates the birth, enlightenment, and death of Buddha. The Kandy Esala Perahera is a grand procession featuring traditional dancers, drummers, and beautifully adorned elephants.

6. Unique Wildlife

In addition to its national parks, Sri Lanka is known for its unique wildlife. The island is one of the best places in the world to see blue whales and sperm whales. The annual elephant gathering at Minneriya is another spectacular wildlife event.

7. Spices and Cuisine

Sri Lankan cuisine is renowned for its use of spices, creating rich and flavorful dishes. Staples include rice and curry, hoppers (a type of pancake), kottu roti (stir-fried bread), and various seafood dishes. The country is also famous for its cinnamon and other spices.

8. Ancient Temples

Sri Lanka is home to many ancient temples and religious sites. The Temple of the Tooth (Sri Dalada Maligawa) in Kandy, believed to house a relic of Buddha’s tooth, is one of the most sacred Buddhist sites in the world. The rock fortress of Sigiriya, with its ancient frescoes and water gardens, is another UNESCO World Heritage Site.

9. Multicultural Society

Sri Lanka is a multicultural and multi-religious society. The major ethnic groups are Sinhalese, Tamil, and Moor, each with their own distinct languages, religions, and traditions. Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, and Christianity are all practiced in the country.

10. Economic Growth and Challenges

Sri Lanka has experienced significant economic growth in recent years, particularly in tourism, agriculture, and manufacturing. However, the country also faces challenges such as political instability, and the need for sustainable development.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *