Basic Information About Palau

  • Country Full Name: Republic of Palau
  • Continent: Oceania
  • Official Languages: Palauan and English
  • Currency: United States Dollar (USD)
  • Capital: Ngerulmud
  • Main Dish: Tama (fried fish)
  • Famous For: Pristine marine environment, unique rock islands, rich biodiversity, and World War II history.
  • Size: 459 square kilometers
  • Population: Approximately 18,000
  • Name Meaning: The name “Palau” is derived from the Palauan word “Belau,” which means “village.”

10 Interesting Facts About Palau

1. Stunning Rock Islands

Palau is renowned for its Rock Islands, a collection of over 200 limestone islands with lush vegetation and unique shapes. These islands are a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a major tourist attraction.

2. World-Class Diving Destination

Palau is one of the world’s top diving destinations, known for its crystal-clear waters, diverse marine life, and famous dive sites such as Blue Corner, German Channel, and Jellyfish Lake, where non-stinging jellyfish can be observed.

3. Jellyfish Lake

Jellyfish Lake, located on Eil Malk Island, is home to millions of golden jellyfish that migrate across the lake daily. The jellyfish have evolved to be stingless, making it a unique snorkeling experience.

4. Rich World War II History

Palau played a significant role in World War II, particularly during the Battle of Peleliu. The island of Peleliu is dotted with war relics, including tanks, aircraft wrecks, and underground bunkers, attracting history enthusiasts.

5. Diverse Marine Ecosystem

Palau’s waters are home to an incredibly diverse marine ecosystem, including over 1,300 species of fish and 700 species of coral. The country has made significant efforts to protect its marine environment, including establishing a shark sanctuary.

6. Palau National Marine Sanctuary

In 2015, Palau established one of the world’s largest marine sanctuaries, covering 80% of its exclusive economic zone. This sanctuary protects marine biodiversity and promotes sustainable fishing practices.

7. Traditional Culture

Palauan culture is rich in traditions and customs, including traditional music, dance, and storytelling. The Bai, a traditional Palauan meeting house, is an important cultural symbol and gathering place.

8. Unique Language

Palauan is the official language, alongside English. Palauan is an Austronesian language with unique phonetic and grammatical structures, reflecting the island’s cultural heritage.

9. Ecotourism Focus

Palau places a strong emphasis on ecotourism and sustainable tourism practices. The country’s commitment to preserving its natural beauty and biodiversity attracts environmentally conscious travelers.

10. Small Population

With a population of around 18,000 people, Palau is one of the least populated countries in the world. The small population contributes to a close-knit community with strong social bonds and a sense of shared responsibility for environmental conservation.

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