Basic Information About North Korea

  • Country Full Name: Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
  • Continent: Asia
  • Official Language: Korean
  • Currency: North Korean Won (KPW)
  • Capital: Pyongyang
  • Main Dish: Kimchi (fermented vegetables)
  • Famous For: Strict regime, Mass Games and Arirang Festival
  • Size: 120,540 square kilometers
  • Population: Approximately 25 million
  • Name Meaning: “Korea” is derived from the Goryeo dynasty, and “North Korea” denotes its geographical location on the Korean Peninsula.

10 Interesting Facts About North Korea

1. Isolated Nation

North Korea is one of the most isolated countries in the world, with strict government control over all aspects of life. International travel and communication are heavily restricted for its citizens.

2. Juche Ideology

North Korea follows the Juche ideology, developed by Kim Il-sung, the country’s founder. Juche emphasizes self-reliance, independence, and the central role of the Kim family in national leadership.

3. Military Parades

North Korea is known for its grand military parades in Pyongyang, showcasing its military strength and honoring its leaders. These parades are meticulously planned and serve as a demonstration of national pride and propaganda.

4. Demilitarized Zone (DMZ)

The Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) separates North Korea and South Korea. It is one of the most heavily fortified borders in the world, yet also serves as a unique wildlife refuge due to its restricted access.

5. Pyongyang Architecture

Pyongyang, the capital city, features unique and grandiose architecture. Notable buildings include the Kumsusan Palace of the Sun, the Juche Tower, and the Ryugyong Hotel, the latter of which is famously unfinished.

6. Limited Internet Access

Internet access in North Korea is extremely limited and controlled. Only high-ranking officials and select individuals have access to the global internet, while the general population uses a state-controlled intranet called Kwangmyong.

7. Cult of Personality

North Korea has a strong cult of personality surrounding its leaders, Kim Il-sung, Kim Jong-il, and Kim Jong-un. Portraits of the leaders are displayed in homes, schools, and public buildings, and their writings and teachings are studied extensively.

8. Arduous March

The Arduous March, also known as the North Korean famine, occurred in the 1990s and led to widespread starvation and economic hardship. It is estimated that hundreds of thousands, possibly millions, of North Koreans died during this period.

9. Mass Games

The Mass Games, or Arirang Festival, is a large-scale gymnastics and artistic performance held in Pyongyang. It involves tens of thousands of participants and is renowned for its synchronized displays and elaborate choreography.

10. Mount Paektu

Mount Paektu, an active volcano on the China-North Korea border, is considered the spiritual birthplace of the Korean people. It holds significant cultural and historical importance in North Korean mythology and propaganda.

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