Basic Information About Malta

  • Country Full Name: Republic of Malta
  • Continent: Europe
  • Official Languages: Maltese and English
  • Currency: Euro (EUR)
  • Capital: Valletta
  • Main Dish: Stuffat tal-Fenek (rabbit stew)
  • Famous For: Historical sites, Mediterranean beaches, fortresses, and rich cultural heritage.
  • Size: 316 square kilometers
  • Population: Approximately 514,000
  • Name Meaning: The name “Malta” is believed to come from the Greek word “meli,” meaning honey, due to the island’s ancient honey production.
Malta | History, Language, Map, People, & Points of Interest | Britannica
Malta | History, Language, Map, People, & Points of Interest | BritannicaVisit

10 Interesting Facts About Malta

1. Ancient Megalithic Temples

Malta is home to some of the oldest free-standing structures in the world, including the megalithic temples of Ħaġar Qim, Mnajdra, and Ġgantija, which date back to around 3600 BCE.

2. Valletta – A UNESCO World Heritage Site

The capital city, Valletta, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site known for its Baroque architecture, historic buildings, and fortifications. It was founded by the Knights of St. John in the 16th century.

3. Diverse Cultural Influences

Malta’s culture is a blend of various influences due to its strategic location in the Mediterranean. Throughout history, it has been ruled by Phoenicians, Romans, Arabs, Normans, and the British, among others.

4. The Blue Lagoon

The Blue Lagoon on the island of Comino is famous for its crystal-clear turquoise waters and stunning natural beauty. It is a popular destination for swimming, snorkeling, and relaxing.

5. The Knights of Malta

The Knights Hospitaller, also known as the Knights of Malta, played a significant role in the island’s history. They defended Malta from Ottoman invasions and contributed to its architectural and cultural development.

6. English as an Official Language

English is one of the two official languages of Malta, making it an attractive destination for English-speaking tourists and students. Many Maltese people are bilingual, fluent in both Maltese and English.

7. Hypogeum of Ħal-Saflieni

The Hypogeum of Ħal-Saflieni is an underground prehistoric burial site and temple complex. This UNESCO World Heritage Site dates back to around 4000 BCE and is renowned for its intricate carvings and chambers.

8. Maltese Cuisine

Maltese cuisine is a reflection of the island’s diverse history. Popular dishes include pastizzi (pastry filled with ricotta or mushy peas), ftira (Maltese pizza), and stuffat tal-fenek (rabbit stew), the national dish.

9. Film Location

Malta’s picturesque landscapes and historic architecture have made it a popular filming location for movies and TV series, including “Gladiator,” “Troy,” and “Game of Thrones.”

10. Feast of St. Paul’s Shipwreck

Malta celebrates the Feast of St. Paul’s Shipwreck on February 10th, commemorating the apostle Paul’s shipwreck on the island in 60 AD. The event is marked with religious processions, fireworks, and festivities.

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