Basic Information About Liechtenstein

  • Country Full Name: Principality of Liechtenstein
  • Continent: Europe
  • Official Language: German
  • Currency: Swiss Franc (CHF)
  • Capital: Vaduz
  • Main Dish: Käsknöpfle (cheese noodles)
  • Famous For: Castles, alpine landscapes, financial services, and low taxes.
  • Size: 160 square kilometers
  • Population: Approximately 39,000
  • Name Meaning: The name “Liechtenstein” means “bright stone,” derived from the German words “licht” (light or bright) and “Stein” (stone).

10 Interesting Facts About Liechtenstein

1. Sixth Smallest Country in the World

Liechtenstein is the sixth smallest country in the world, covering just 160 square kilometers. Despite its small size, it boasts stunning alpine landscapes and a high standard of living.

2. Double Landlocked

Liechtenstein is one of only two double landlocked countries in the world, meaning it is surrounded by landlocked countries (Switzerland and Austria). The other double landlocked country is Uzbekistan.

3. Constitutional Monarchy

Liechtenstein is a constitutional monarchy headed by the Prince of Liechtenstein. The current reigning prince, Hans-Adam II, plays a significant role in the country’s governance alongside a democratically elected parliament.

4. Vaduz Castle

Vaduz Castle, the residence of the Prince of Liechtenstein, is perched on a hill overlooking the capital city of Vaduz. While the castle itself is not open to the public, its scenic location makes it a major landmark.

5. High GDP per Capita

Liechtenstein has one of the highest GDP per capita in the world, thanks to its prosperous financial services sector, industrial economy, and favorable tax policies.

6. Strong Financial Sector

Liechtenstein is known for its robust financial services sector, including banking and insurance. The country’s strict banking secrecy laws have historically attracted wealth from around the globe.

7. Alpine Sports and Recreation

The alpine terrain of Liechtenstein makes it an ideal destination for outdoor sports. Malbun, a popular ski resort, offers excellent skiing and snowboarding opportunities in the winter, and hiking and mountain biking in the summer.

8. No Military

Liechtenstein does not have its own military. Instead, it relies on Switzerland for defense. The country abolished its army in 1868 due to the high cost of maintaining it.

9. High Literacy Rate

Liechtenstein boasts a high literacy rate and a well-developed education system. The country places a strong emphasis on education, with comprehensive schooling available to all residents.

10. Unique National Holiday

Liechtenstein celebrates its National Day on August 15th with a public holiday, fireworks, and festivities. The day coincides with the Feast of the Assumption and the birthday of Prince Franz Josef II, who declared the holiday.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *