Basic Information About Kazakhstan

  • Country Full Name: Republic of Kazakhstan
  • Continent: Asia (with a small portion in Europe)
  • Official Language: Kazakh and Russian
  • Currency: Kazakhstani Tenge (KZT)
  • Capital: Astana (formerly known as Nur-Sultan)
  • Main Dish: Beshbarmak
  • Famous For: Vast steppes, nomadic culture, oil reserves, space launch facilities, and rich history.
  • Size: 2.725 million square kilometers
  • Population: Approximately 19 million
  • Name Meaning: The name “Kazakhstan” means “land of the Kazakhs,” with “Kazakh” believed to mean “wanderer” or “adventurer.”

10 Interesting Facts About Kazakhstan

1. Largest Landlocked Country

Kazakhstan is the largest landlocked country in the world, covering an area of 2.725 million square kilometers. It is the ninth-largest country globally by land area.

2. Baikonur Cosmodrome

Kazakhstan is home to the Baikonur Cosmodrome, the world’s first and largest operational space launch facility. It was the launch site for the first human in space, Yuri Gagarin, in 1961.

A visit to Kazakhstan’s Baikonur cosmodrome | DW English

3. Diverse Landscapes

Kazakhstan boasts diverse landscapes, from vast steppes and deserts to mountains and lakes. The Altai Mountains, the Caspian Sea, and Lake Balkhash are notable natural features.

4. Rich Nomadic Heritage

Kazakhstan has a rich nomadic heritage that dates back thousands of years. Traditional Kazakh culture includes horse riding, eagle hunting, and yurt living, reflecting the nomadic way of life.

5. Significant Oil Reserves

Kazakhstan possesses substantial oil and gas reserves, making it one of the world’s leading energy producers. The Tengiz and Kashagan fields are among the largest oil reserves.

6. Cultural Melting Pot

Kazakhstan is a cultural melting pot with over 130 ethnic groups living together. The country celebrates this diversity through various cultural festivals and events.

7. Unique Cuisine

Kazakh cuisine is heavily influenced by its nomadic traditions. Beshbarmak, the national dish, consists of boiled meat served with large noodles and onion sauce. Kumis, a fermented mare’s milk, is a traditional beverage.

8. Astana’s Modern Architecture

The capital city, Astana, is known for its futuristic and modern architecture. Landmarks such as the Bayterek Tower, the Khan Shatyr Entertainment Center, and the Palace of Peace and Reconciliation are architectural marvels.

9. Silk Road Heritage

Kazakhstan was a significant part of the ancient Silk Road trade route. The historic city of Turkistan and the ancient ruins of Otrar are remnants of this rich trading history.

10. Vast Protected Areas

Kazakhstan has numerous protected areas and national parks, preserving its unique biodiversity. The Aksu-Zhabagly Nature Reserve and the Altyn-Emel National Park are notable for their rare flora and fauna.

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