Basic Information About Jordan

  • Country Full Name: Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
  • Continent: Asia
  • Official Language: Arabic
  • Currency: Jordanian Dinar (JOD)
  • Capital: Amman
  • Main Dish: Mansaf
  • Famous For: Ancient Petra, Dead Sea, desert landscapes, rich history, and hospitality.
  • Size: 89,342 square kilometers
  • Population: Approximately 10 million
  • Name Meaning: The name “Jordan” comes from the Jordan River, which forms part of the country’s western border.

10 Interesting Facts About Jordan

1. Ancient City of Petra

Petra, also known as the “Rose City,” is one of the New Seven Wonders of the World. This ancient city, carved into red sandstone cliffs, was the capital of the Nabataean Kingdom and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

2. Dead Sea

Jordan is home to the eastern shore of the Dead Sea, the lowest point on Earth at 430 meters below sea level. The Dead Sea is renowned for its hyper-saline water, which makes floating effortless, and its therapeutic mud.

3. Rich Historical Heritage

Jordan has a rich historical heritage, with significant archaeological sites from various civilizations, including the Romans, Byzantines, and Ottomans. Jerash, with its well-preserved Roman ruins, is a prime example.

4. Wadi Rum

Wadi Rum, also known as the Valley of the Moon, is a stunning desert landscape with dramatic sandstone mountains and ancient rock carvings. It has been a filming location for many movies, including “Lawrence of Arabia” and “The Martian.”

5. Diverse Culture

Jordan is known for its diverse culture and hospitality. The country hosts a mix of Bedouin traditions and modern influences, with vibrant cities like Amman offering a blend of historical sites and contemporary amenities.

6. Traditional Cuisine

Jordanian cuisine is known for its delicious and hearty dishes. Mansaf, the national dish, consists of lamb cooked in a sauce of fermented dried yogurt and served with rice or bulgur.

7. Religious Significance

Jordan is home to several sites of religious significance, including Mount Nebo, where Moses is believed to have seen the Promised Land, and the Baptism Site of Jesus at the Jordan River.

8. Advanced Education System

Jordan has one of the most advanced education systems in the Middle East, with a high literacy rate and numerous universities and research institutions contributing to the country’s development.

9. Aqaba – Red Sea Resort

Aqaba is Jordan’s only coastal city, located on the Red Sea. It is a popular resort destination known for its beautiful beaches, coral reefs, and excellent diving opportunities.

10. Modern Infrastructure

Despite its ancient history, Jordan has developed modern infrastructure, including advanced healthcare facilities, efficient transportation networks, and bustling commercial centers, making it a dynamic and evolving country.

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