Basic Information About Eswatini

  • Country Full Name: Kingdom of Eswatini
  • Continent: Africa
  • Official Language: Swazi (siSwati), English
  • Currency: Swazi Lilangeni (SZL), South African Rand (ZAR)
  • Capital: Mbabane (administrative), Lobamba (royal and legislative)
  • Main Dish: Sishwala (thick porridge) with meat and vegetables
  • Famous For: Traditional culture, wildlife reserves, mountainous landscapes, festivals
  • Size: 17,364 square kilometers
  • Population: Approximately 1.1 million
  • Name Meaning: The name “Eswatini” means “land of the Swazis” in the Swazi language, reflecting the nation’s cultural heritage.
Eswatini | Culture, History, & People | Britannica

10 Interesting Facts About Eswatini

1. Absolute Monarchy

Firstly, Eswatini is one of the few remaining absolute monarchies in the world. King Mswati III has significant powers, and the country maintains traditional governance alongside modern political structures.

2. Renaming

In 2018, King Mswati III announced the renaming of the country from Swaziland to Eswatini, marking the 50th anniversary of independence from British rule and emphasizing the nation’s African identity.

3. Rich Cultural Heritage

Eswatini is renowned for its rich cultural heritage, with vibrant traditions and ceremonies. The Umhlanga (Reed Dance) and Incwala (Kingship) are two major cultural events celebrated annually.

4. Diverse Landscapes

The country features diverse landscapes, from mountains and hills to savannas and forests. The Lubombo Mountains in the east and the highveld in the west are particularly scenic.

5. Wildlife and Nature Reserves

Eswatini is home to several well-preserved wildlife reserves and national parks, such as Hlane Royal National Park and Mlilwane Wildlife Sanctuary, which are great for game viewing and bird watching.

6. Traditional Music and Dance

Traditional Swazi music and dance are integral to the culture. Performances often include rhythmic drumming, singing, and vibrant dances that are central to various ceremonies and celebrations.

7. Handicrafts

Eswatini is famous for its handicrafts, including weaving, pottery, and beadwork. The Ngwenya Glass Factory and Swazi Candles are popular attractions showcasing local artisanship.

8. Languages

While Swazi (siSwati) and English are the official languages, siSwati is widely spoken and is an essential part of national identity and daily communication.

9. Smallest in the Southern Hemisphere

Eswatini is one of the smallest countries in Africa and the Southern Hemisphere, making it easy to travel across and explore its diverse regions.

10. Health and Education

The country has made strides in health and education, with a focus on improving literacy rates and combating health issues such as HIV/AIDS, which remains a significant challenge.

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