Basic Information About Estonia

  • Country Full Name: Republic of Estonia
  • Continent: Europe
  • Official Language: Estonian
  • Currency: Euro (EUR)
  • Capital: Tallinn
  • Main Dish: Verivorst (blood sausage) with mulgikapsad (sauerkraut)
  • Famous For: Digital society, medieval architecture, islands, music festivals, rich cultural heritage
  • Size: 45,227 square kilometers
  • Population: Approximately 1.3 million
  • Name Meaning: The name “Estonia” is derived from the ancient “Aesti” people mentioned by the Roman historian Tacitus.
Estonia | Culture, Map, People, History, & Facts | Britannica

10 Interesting Facts About Estonia

1. Digital Society

Firstly, Estonia is renowned for being one of the most digitally advanced countries in the world. It offers a range of e-services, including e-residency, online voting, and digital signatures.

2. Medieval Tallinn

The capital city, Tallinn, boasts one of the best-preserved medieval old towns in Europe, with cobblestone streets, historic buildings, and the iconic Alexander Nevsky Cathedral.

3. Thousands of Islands

Estonia has over 2,200 islands, with Saaremaa and Hiiumaa being the largest. These islands are known for their beautiful landscapes, unique culture, and historical sites.

4. Singing Revolution

The Singing Revolution was a series of events between 1987 and 1991 during which Estonians peacefully regained independence from Soviet rule. Mass singing of national songs was a powerful symbol of unity and resistance.

5. UNESCO World Heritage Sites

Tallinn’s Old Town is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, recognized for its well-preserved medieval architecture and historical significance.

Stock photo of Tallinn old town, UNESCO World Heritage Site, in evening  light. Harjumaa…. Available for sale on

6. Language and Literature

The Estonian language is closely related to Finnish and has a rich literary tradition. Estonia has one of the highest literacy rates in the world, and its people have a strong appreciation for literature and poetry.

7. Folk Music and Festivals

Estonia has a vibrant folk music scene and hosts numerous music festivals, such as the Viljandi Folk Music Festival and the Tallinn Music Week. The Laulupidu, or Song Festival, is a massive choral event held every five years.

8. Sauna Culture

Sauna is an integral part of Estonian culture. Many Estonians have a sauna at home, and it is common to visit public saunas for relaxation and socializing.

9. Nature and Wildlife

Estonia is known for its pristine natural environment, with large forests, lakes, and national parks. It is a great destination for bird watching, particularly during migration seasons.

10. Strong IT Sector

Estonia has a robust IT sector, often referred to as the “Silicon Valley of Europe.” It is the birthplace of several successful tech companies, including Skype.

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