Basic Information About Costa Rica

  • Country Full Name: Republic of Costa Rica
  • Continent: North America (Central America)
  • Official Language: Spanish
  • Currency: Costa Rican Colón (CRC)
  • Capital: San José
  • Main Dish: Gallo Pinto (rice and beans)
  • Famous For: Biodiversity, ecotourism, coffee, beaches, volcanoes, “Pura Vida” lifestyle
  • Size: 51,100 square kilometers
  • Population: Approximately 5 million
  • Name Meaning: The name “Costa Rica” means “Rich Coast” in Spanish, given by Spanish explorers who believed the land to be rich in gold and other resources.
Costa Rica | History, Map, Flag, Climate, Population, & Facts | Britannica

10 Interesting Facts About Costa Rica

1. Biodiversity Hotspot

Costa Rica is one of the most biodiverse countries in the world, home to over 500,000 species, representing nearly 5% of the world’s total biodiversity.

2. No Standing Army

Costa Rica abolished its military in 1948 and is one of the few countries in the world without a standing army. The budget saved is redirected to education, health, and environmental protection.

3. Ecotourism Leader

The country is a global leader in ecotourism, attracting visitors with its numerous national parks, protected areas, and sustainable tourism practices.

4. Coffee Production

Costa Rica is renowned for its high-quality coffee, particularly from regions like Tarrazú, and coffee production plays a significant role in its economy and culture.

5. Pura Vida Lifestyle

“Pura Vida,” meaning “Pure Life,” is a common phrase in Costa Rica that reflects the country’s relaxed and positive approach to life.

6. Active Volcanoes

Costa Rica has several active volcanoes, including Arenal, Poás, and Irazú, which are popular tourist attractions offering stunning views and geothermal activities.

7. Education and Literacy

Costa Rica boasts a high literacy rate and places a strong emphasis on education, with free and mandatory education for all children.

8. Protected Areas

Over 25% of Costa Rica’s land area is protected through national parks, reserves, and wildlife refuges, demonstrating its commitment to conservation.

9. Renewable Energy

The country generates nearly 100% of its electricity from renewable sources, primarily hydropower, wind, and geothermal energy.

10. Blue Zones

Nicoya Peninsula in Costa Rica is one of the world’s Blue Zones, regions where people live significantly longer, healthier lives due to lifestyle and environmental factors.

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