Basic Information About Bulgaria

  • Country Full Name: Republic of Bulgaria
  • Continent: Europe
  • Official Language: Bulgarian
  • Currency: Bulgarian Lev (BGN)
  • Capital: Sofia
  • Main Dish: Banitsa (pastry with cheese)
  • Famous For: Rose oil production, ancient history, folklore, beautiful mountains, Black Sea coastline
  • Size: 110,879 square kilometers
  • Population: Approximately 7 million
  • Name Meaning: The name “Bulgaria” comes from the Bulgars, a Turkic tribe that founded the country in the 7th century.
Bulgaria | History, Language, Map, & Points of Interest | Britannica

10 Interesting Facts About Bulgaria

1. Oldest Gold Treasure

Bulgaria is home to the world’s oldest known gold treasure, discovered in the Varna Necropolis and dating back to 4,500 BC.

2. Rose Valley

Bulgaria is a leading producer of rose oil, particularly from the Rose Valley near Kazanlak, essential for the global perfume industry.

3. Cyrillic Alphabet

The Cyrillic alphabet, used by many Slavic nations, was developed in the First Bulgarian Empire in the 9th century.

4. Thracian Heritage

Bulgaria has a rich Thracian heritage, with numerous ancient tombs, artifacts, and the Thracian Tomb of Kazanlak, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

5. Rila Monastery

The Rila Monastery, founded in the 10th century, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a significant cultural and religious center.

6. Bulgarian Yogurt

Bulgaria is famous for its yogurt, which contains the unique Lactobacillus bulgaricus bacteria, contributing to its distinct flavor and health benefits.

7. Diverse Landscapes

Bulgaria offers diverse landscapes, from the picturesque Black Sea coastline to the rugged Balkan Mountains and the scenic Rhodope Mountains.

8. Folklore and Traditions

Bulgarian folklore is rich with traditional music, dances like the horo, colorful costumes, and unique customs such as the Martenitsa.

9. Sofia’s Ancient History

Sofia, the capital, is one of the oldest cities in Europe, with a history dating back over 7,000 years, featuring Roman, Byzantine, and Ottoman influences.

10. Mineral Springs

Bulgaria is known for its numerous mineral springs, with over 700 sources, making it a popular destination for spa and wellness tourism.

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