Basic Information About Bhutan

  • Country Full Name: Kingdom of Bhutan
  • Continent: Asia
  • Official Language: Dzongkha
  • Currency: Bhutanese Ngultrum (BTN)
  • Main Dish: Ema Datshi (Chili and Cheese Stew)
  • Famous For: Gross National Happiness, monasteries, Himalayan landscapes, unique culture, traditional architecture
  • Size: 38,394 square kilometers
  • Population: Approximately 750,000
  • Name Meaning: The name “Bhutan” is believed to be derived from the Sanskrit words “Bhu-Uttan,” meaning “High Land.”
Bhutan | History, Map, Flag, Population, Capital, Language, & Facts |  Britannica

10 Interesting Facts About Bhutan

1. Gross National Happiness

Bhutan measures its success by Gross National Happiness (GNH) rather than Gross Domestic Product (GDP), focusing on the well-being of its citizens.

2. Land of the Thunder Dragon

Known locally as “Druk Yul,” which means “Land of the Thunder Dragon,” Bhutan is steeped in mythology and tradition.

3. No Traffic Lights

The capital city, Thimphu, is one of the few capitals in the world without traffic lights. Instead, traffic is directed by police officers.

4. Pristine Environment

Bhutan is renowned for its pristine environment, with over 70% of the country covered in forests and a strong commitment to conservation.

5. Tiger’s Nest Monastery

The Paro Taktsang, also known as the Tiger’s Nest Monastery, is a stunning Buddhist temple complex perched on a cliffside, one of Bhutan’s most iconic sites.

6. Tobacco-Free Nation

Bhutan is the first country in the world to implement a total ban on the sale and production of tobacco.

7. Unique Architecture

Bhutanese architecture is unique, featuring intricate wooden structures with ornate carvings and paintings, without using nails.

8. Buddhist Kingdom

Bhutan is a deeply Buddhist country, with Buddhism playing a central role in its culture, laws, and daily life.

9. High Altitude

Bhutan is located in the Eastern Himalayas, with its highest peak, Gangkhar Puensum, standing at 7,570 meters and remaining unclimbed.

10. Traditional Dress

Bhutanese people wear traditional dress every day: the “Gho” for men and the “Kira” for women, reflecting their cultural heritage and pride.

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