Basic Information About Azerbaijan

  • Country Full Name: Republic of Azerbaijan
  • Continent: Asia (Caucasus region)
  • Official Language: Azerbaijani
  • Currency: Azerbaijani Manat (AZN)
  • Main Dish: Plov (Rice Pilaf)
  • Famous For: Oil reserves, mud volcanoes, Flame Towers, ancient Silk Road, carpet weaving
  • Size: 86,600 square kilometers
  • Population: Approximately 10 million
  • Name Meaning: The name “Azerbaijan” is believed to derive from “Atropates,” an ancient Persian satrap, meaning “Land of Fire.”

10 Interesting Facts About Azerbaijan

1. Land of Fire

Azerbaijan is often called the “Land of Fire” due to its natural gas reserves that cause fires to burn spontaneously on the ground.

2. Mud Volcanoes

Azerbaijan has the highest number of mud volcanoes in the world, with over 400 located throughout the country.

3. Baku’s Modern Skyline

The capital city, Baku, is known for its modern skyline, including the iconic Flame Towers and the Heydar Aliyev Center, designed by Zaha Hadid.

4. Ancient Silk Road

Azerbaijan was an important stop on the ancient Silk Road, connecting East and West through trade routes.

5. Rich Oil Reserves

The country has vast oil and gas reserves, with the oil industry playing a crucial role in its economy.

6. Carpet Weaving Tradition

Azerbaijan is famous for its intricate carpet weaving, with Azerbaijani carpets recognized as UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage.

7. Gobustan Rock Art

Gobustan National Park is home to thousands of ancient rock carvings, some dating back over 40,000 years, showcasing early human life.

8. Multicultural Society

Azerbaijan is known for its multicultural society, with various ethnic groups and religions coexisting peacefully.

9. Old City of Baku

The Old City of Baku, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, features ancient architecture, including the Maiden Tower and the Palace of the Shirvanshahs.

10. First Democratic Republic

In 1918, Azerbaijan established the first secular democratic republic in the Muslim world, although it lasted only until 1920.

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